New Delhi: After bidding farewell to Lord Ganesha on Anant Chaturdashi, the 15-day Pitru Paksha or Shradh period begins. It begins on the Purnima Tithi of Shukla Paksha in the month of Bhadrapada and concludes on the Amavasya Tithi of Krishna Paksha, according to the Hindu calendar.
Hindus honour their ancestors’ souls who have passed away during this time. Pitru Paksha is characterized by the Shradh rites and a constrained way of life.
It is believed that by providing food and performing Tarpan, the spirits of our departed ancestors find calm and shower their blessings on the family. These rites aid the ancestors in achieving moksha, or salvation.
The deceased’s eldest son conducts the Shradh during Pitru Paksha by presenting offerings for ancestors who are believed to be in pitrulok, which is the realm between Heaven and earth.
Mahalaya, which ushers in Durga Puja, signals the conclusion of Pitru Paksha. It is believed that on this day, Goddess Durga arrived on earth. Mahalaya marks the beginning of the Devi Paksha.
Pitru Paksha 2022: Date
Pitru Paksha begins on September 10, 2022
Pitru Paksha ends on September 25, 2022.
Any day throughout this 15-day period is appropriate for performing the Hindu rites of Shradh or pind daan for the ancestors.
Mahalaya, which this year falls on September 25, marks the culmination of the Shradh season.
Pitru Paksha 2022: Timings
The timings for the Kutup Muhurat, Rohina Muhurat and Aparahna Kaal for September 10 are as follows:
Kutup Muhurat: 11:53 AM to 12:43 PM
Rohina Muhurat: 12:43 to 1:33 PM
Aparahna Kaal: 1:33 PM to 4:03 PM
Pitru Paksha 2022: Rituals
The family’s eldest son rises early in the morning and bathes in holy water. He then dressed neatly for the puja.
On a wooden table, he arranges a portrait of an ancestor facing south along with black sesame seeds and barley seeds.
A Tarpan is formed by combining water with flour, barley, kush, and black sesame. A Pind is made from rice balls composed of ghee, honey, rice, goat’s milk, sugar, and barley. After the rituals of Shradh and Tarpan, food is offered to poor people.
Pitru Paksha 2022: Significance
According to Hindu religious doctrine, it is thought that during the Pitrupaksha, the ancestors’ souls leave Pitrulok and come to earth. In order to honour the ancestors, the deceased’s family members perform Shradh during this time each year. The Pitru Paksha ceremonies aid the departed souls in achieving moksh, or salvation.
Pitru Paksha 2022: Dos and Don’ts
DO practise celibacy, If you are the one making tarpan for your ancestors during Pitru Paksha
DON’T provide food to birds, dogs, or cows during Pitru Paksha
DON’T forget to shower your forefathers with water. During the tarpan, it is also crucial to give Lord Aaryaman water
DON’T eat alcohol or non-vegetarian food during this time
AVOID purchasing or wearing new clothing during Pitru Paksha
DON’T act rudely with seniors or speak back to them